Dumper Truck Inspections
The construction industry has seen an average of 36 fatalities per year to workers over the past 5 years
Site dumpers are involved in around a third of construction transport accidents, causing many deaths and serious injuries, particularly to the drivers.
The effective maintenance of a dumper is an essential part of safe operation. As with all machines a dumper wears, deteriorates and can suffer damage over time. The maintenance process, including checks and inspections, monitors, prevents and rectifies this deterioration. It is important that the personnel asked to carry out these tasks have the necessary machine-specific training, experience and competence in both periodic and breakdown maintenance. If operators are authorised to carry out pre-use checks, they must be trained and assessed as competent to do this.
Dump trucks (also referred to as tipper trucks) come in a variety of types, sizes and differences in operating controls so it essential that operators and supervisors are given adequate familiarisation and training.
Both the user and owner of the dumper have a responsibility to ensure that they are maintained in a safe working condition.
Basic checks and inspections should be carried out in accordance with company instructions and the manufacturer's recommendations:
• Pre-use Checks - these are carried out prior to each use of the machine and include checks for damage and correct functioning of the dumper;
• Shutdown Checks - these are carried out at the end of each shift and are an opportunity to report defects which may have developed during the shift;
• Weekly Inspections - these are additional inspections to the pre-use checks and should be recorded.
It is the responsibility of the site management to ensure that all dumpers are adequately maintained in efficient working order and in a state of good repair.
A scheduled preventative maintenance program helps to meet these requirements. The frequency at which the maintenance activities are carried out must consider the machine usage and the working environment. A record of maintenance should be kept for each dumper.
Comprehensive maintenance records are essential to the safe, efficient and economical operation of a dumper. They provide a complete “cradle to grave” history of the individual dumper giving the following benefits:
• evidence of adequate maintenance as part of the management system;
• establishing breakdown trends over time and providing information for the review of maintenance frequency;
• identification of component failure trends for feedback to the manufacturer;
• evidence of adequate maintenance to the Enforcing Authorities in the event of an incident;
• enabling the performance of the dumper to be reviewed over time to inform future purchases.
Good to Go Safety provides the perfect solution by allowing comprehensive checks to be completed, using our dumper truck checklists, with a duplicate copy retained for management records. If faults are found then the status tag can be updated to clearly display a “Do Not Use” message until the truck has been repaired and deemed safe to use.